About IOM

About IOM

Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.

With 166 member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly  migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to  governments and migrants.

IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of   migration, to  promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for  practical solutions to migration problems and to provide  humanitarian assistance  to migrants in need, including refugees and internally  displaced people.

The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and   economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.

IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:

  • Migration and development
  • Facilitating migration
  • Regulating migration
  • Forced migration

IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants' rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration. 


 

History

IOM, or as it was first known, the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME), was born in 1951 out of the chaos and displacement of Western Europe following the Second World War. 

Mandated to help European governments to identify resettlement countries for the estimated 11 million people uprooted by the war, it arranged transport for   nearly a million migrants during the 1950s.

A succession of name changes from PICMME to the Intergovernmental Committee for European  Migration (ICEM) in 1952, to  the Intergovernmental Committee for  Migration (ICM) in 1980 to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 1989, reflects the organization's  transition over half a century from logistics agency to migration agency. 

While IOM's history tracks the man-made and natural disasters of the past half century - Hungary 1956, Czechoslovakia 1968, Chile 1973, the Vietnamese Boat People 1975, Kuwait 1990, Kosovo  and Timor 1999, and the Asian tsunami and Pakistan earthquake of 2004/2005 - its credo that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society has steadily gained international acceptance. 

From its roots as an operational logistics agency, it has broadened its scope  to become the  leading international agency working with governments and civil  society to advance the understanding of migration issues, encourage social and economic development through migration, and uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants. 

The broader scope of activities has been matched by rapid expansion from a relatively small agency into one with an annual operating budget of close to $1 billion and some 5,400 staff working in over 100 countries worldwide. 

As "The Migration Agency" IOM has become the point of reference in the heated global debate on the social, economic and political implications of migration in the 21st century.

 

Further information about IOM:

IOM Snapshot

Members and Observers

Strategic Focus